Evol Ecol Res 7: 1125-1137 (2005) Full PDF if your library subscribes.
Evolution of multi-stage dormancy in temporally autocorrelated environments
Helen Ivarsson,* Jörgen Ripa and Per Lundberg
Department of Theoretical Ecology, Ecology Building, Lund University, SE-223 62 Lund, Sweden
Author to whom all correspondence should be addressed.
Question: Under what circumstances does a capacity for multi-stage dormancy (i.e. dormancy in more than one life-stage) evolve?
Mathematical methods: Optimization in stochastic environments. Results are derived both analytically and by simulations.
Key assumption: There exists some trade-off between resources allocated to reproduction and adult dormant survival. Different shapes of this trade-off are investigated.
Major conclusions: Multi-stage dormancy can evolve in an environment with low serial autocorrelation. However, a slowly changing environment, with high positive autocorrelation, will prevent the evolution of dormancy in several life-stages. In general, a high positive environmental autocorrelation will separate the evolution of life parameters associated with active life from that of parameters associated with dormant life.
Keywords: autocorrelation, dormancy, life-history evolution, stage structure, stochastic environment.
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